Storia della roulette: dalle origini ai giorni nostri

Mōʻaukala o ka roulette: nā kumu

ʻO ka mōʻaukala (hānau) o ka roulette i hala ma mua o ʻelua tausani mau makahiki i hala aku nei, pololei i ka manawa o ko Roma kahiko; i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo me he mea lā ua hoʻohana ka poʻe legeona Roma i ka pale kaua ma ke ʻano he rudimentary roulette, a huli lākou i ka piko o ka ihe.

ʻAʻole makemake iki ka poʻe mahiʻai e pāʻani ma mua o nā leonaona, akā no nā kumu maopopo ʻole me ka pale ʻole, hoʻomaka lākou e hoʻohana i kahi huila kaʻa, a huli lākou i kahi axis kū.

ʻO ka pāʻani, mai ka wā i kapa ʻia ʻo "Wheel of Fortune", ua pāʻani pū ʻia ma kahi ʻano ʻokoʻa ma India, kahi i kapa ʻia ʻo "spinning dice".

Roulette - manawa i lawe ʻia mai kahi huaʻōlelo Palani huila ʻo ia hoʻi ka huila liʻiliʻi - mai ia manawa ua loli ʻo ia i nā loli nui a hele i kona hiʻohiʻona i kēia manawa i ka kenekulia XNUMX wale nō, i ka manawa a ka makemakika Farani. ʻO Blaise Pascal, hana i ke ʻano o ka roulette ma ke aʻo ʻana i nā neʻe mau, a laila paʻi i kahi kuʻikahi no nā neʻe ʻana o ka cycloidal a me ke kau ʻana i nā kumu no ke aʻo ʻana i ka helu ʻana o nā mea hiki.

I ke kenekulia ʻumikūmāhiku, ua lawe ka roulette i ke ʻano o ka pā i mahele ʻia i nā ʻāpana, a ma kahi o ka lima, ua hoʻohana ʻia kahi pōpō niho ʻelepani e hōʻailona i ka helu lanakila: mai kahi pāʻani o ke akamai ua lilo ia i pāʻani no ka laki, e loaʻa ana ka kaulana i nā pōʻai aristocratic a puni ʻEulopa.

I ka hopena o ke kenekulia ʻumikūmāwalu, ua hoʻolauna ʻia ka pākaukau me nā helu i kau ʻia ma luna a ua liʻiliʻi a maʻalahi hoʻi nā roulette.

ʻO ka roulette mua hou, me nā kala ʻē aʻe a me nā ʻano ʻē a me nā helu, no laila i hana ʻia ma Palani a he mau makahiki wale nō ma hope (ma kahi o 1800), ua hōʻea pū ʻia i United States, kahi i lilo ai ka pāʻani i mea makemake ʻia i waena o nā mea miners o ke Komohana. ., nā mea ʻimi gula a ma waena o nā mea a pau i hana i ka laki a me ka superstition kahi ʻoihana hou.

Loaʻa nā ʻeke i ka roulette mua mai 0 a 36, ​​a me kahi ʻeke 00, e hāʻawi ana he 38 mau ʻeke.

Ma kahi o 1842, ua hoʻololi ka Palani Francois lāua ʻo Louis Blanc i ka roulette i kona ʻano i kēia manawa, e hemo ana i ka pahu 00 a pēlā e hana ai i ka huila roulette 37-slot.

ʻAʻole i hoʻokipa maikaʻi ʻia kēia hoʻololi ma USA, kahi i hoʻomau ai ka pahu 00 a hiki i kēia lā.

I kēia mau lā, ʻo ka roulette 38-slot, ʻoiai i hānau ʻia ma Palani, ʻike ʻia ʻo "roulette ʻAmelika", ʻoiai ua hoʻonui ʻia ke kaulana o ka mea me ka zero wale nō ma ʻEulopa a no kēia mea ua lilo ia i kaulana ma ke ʻano he "French roulette".

I kēia lā ʻaʻohe casino ʻaʻohe ona roulette: hoʻohanohano ka pāʻani i nā miliona o ka pā ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa a me nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana he nui, ka mea i hoʻolilo i ka mōʻī wahine o nā pāʻani i kahi hoʻomana maoli.


Mōʻaukala o ka roulette: nā milestones

Eia kahi hōʻuluʻulu o nā lā nui i ka moʻolelo o kēia pāʻani hoihoi.

1657 - Hoʻokumu ka mea loea Farani Blaise Pascal i ka mīkini roulette.

1796 - ʻO Roulette, ka mea e hoʻomaka nei e noho i loko o nā keʻena pili kālā o Palisa, he paukū ʻolokaʻa me nā helu ʻulaʻula a me nā helu ʻeleʻele, ʻaʻohe a me ka lua ʻaʻohe (ʻokoʻa nā mea o kēia manawa, ʻulaʻula ka ʻula a ʻelua mau ʻeleʻele ʻeleʻele, akā ʻano nā kala ʻaʻole i uku ʻia me ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia o kēia mau hui pū ʻana.

1810 - Lawe ka Farani i ka roulette i nā hale kiʻiʻoniʻoni o New Orleans, kahi i hānau ʻia ai nā casino mua ma USA.

1837 - Kauoha ʻo Luigi Filippo i ka pani ʻana o nā hale pili kālā ma Palani ma ka lā 31 Kekemapa; Hele nā ​​luna Farani i nā spa ma Kelemania.

1840 - Ua hōʻea nā hoahānau ʻo Francois lāua ʻo Louis Blanc ma Bad Homburg mai Palisa a lilo i ka hale piliwaiwai. A laila, e lanakila i ka hoʻokūkū a e ʻumeʻume i nā mea kūʻai aku hou aku, hoʻoholo lākou e hemo i ka lua o ka pahu o ka paukū. ka mea like a mākou e hoʻohana ai i kēia lā.

1852 - Ma ke ala o ke kūleʻa o Kelemania, ua hoʻoholo ʻo Prince Charles III Rainier o Monaco e wehe i kahi casino e hoʻopiha i nā pahu kālā o ke aliʻi nui.

1863 - Ma muli o nā hopena hoʻohoka, ua hoʻoholo ʻo Ranieri e kāhea i ka loea ʻo Francois Blanc, nāna i hoʻokumu i ka Societè des Bains de Mer a loaʻa ka hoʻokele o ka casino no 50 mau makahiki.

1866 - ʻO ka spurug rocky o ka "Spelugues", kahi a Blanc i kūkulu ai i ka Hale Piliwaiwai hou, ua kapa ʻia ʻo "Monte Carlo" no ka hoʻohanohano o ke keiki aliʻi.

1870 - Ke kaua ma waena o Palani a me Kelemania e hoʻoneʻe i nā mea kūʻai aku mai nā hale piliwaiwai Kelemania (i pani paʻa ʻia me kahi kānāwai Prussian i 1872) a hānau ʻia ka moʻoʻōlelo ʻo Monte Carlo

1905 -ʻO ka Sanremo Casino, ka casino Italia mua, ua hoʻokumu ʻia.


Mōʻaukala o ka roulette: nā kaʻao, nā ʻōlelo puʻupuʻu a me nā ʻike liʻiliʻi

Hoʻohālikelike kekahi kumumanaʻo i ka mea kākau o ka pāʻani ʻaʻole i ka French Pascal, akā i kahi mōneka ʻike ʻole ʻia (ʻo Palani hoʻi), nāna i haku iā ia e haki i ka monotony o ke ola mōneka.

Wahi a kahi kaʻao, ua kūʻai aku ʻo Francois Blanc i kona ʻuhane i ka diabolō no ka mea huna o ka roulette: ʻo ka hōʻoia o kēia mana hewa ka helu o nā helu ma ka huila he 666, ka helu a ka diabolō.

Ua hoihoi pū kekahi ʻo Albert Einstein i kēia pāʻani, kaulana kāna huaʻōlelo: "ʻaʻole hiki iā ʻoe ke kuʻi i ka roulette, ke ʻaihue pololei ʻoe i ke kālā mai ka papaʻaina."

Ua kāhea ʻo Leopold II o Pelekiuma i ka casino ʻo Monte Carlo "kahi ʻāpana terrestrial o Paradise" a he nui ka poʻe i ʻōlelo aia aia ia i loko o ka Principality of Monaco, ʻoiai ʻo Peter Peter Basilica ma Roma a i ʻole ʻo ka Eiffel Tower ma Palisa.


Nā ʻano o ka roulette

Hiki i ʻekolu ʻano papaʻaina:

Palekana Palani: ʻo ia ka papa ʻaina, me nā helu mai 0 a 36 a ʻo ia ke ʻano kaulana loa.

ʻOkoʻa ia mai nā ʻano ʻelua ʻē aʻe no ka mea inā ʻōwili ʻia ka ʻole, hoʻopaʻa ʻia nā pili pili wale no ka lima o kēia manawa; inā puka i waho kahi helu e pili ana i ka manawa i pili mua i ka piliwaiwai, hoʻokuʻu ʻia ka pili a ʻano like me kahi bet hou, a no laila hiki ke lanakila a lilo paha (rula en hale paʻahao).

Aia kekahi ʻokoʻa i hoʻohana mau ʻia ma ka ʻaneʻane o nā casino ʻEulopa a pau: ke puka i waho, hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia nā pā ma nā manawa maʻalahi me ka mea kūʻai aku (lula. kaʻana like 'ana).

ʻO kahi laʻana, inā pili ʻoe i nā ʻāpana he 20 ma ka ʻulaʻula a puka ka ʻole, huki ʻoe i 10 mau ʻāpana mai ka papa ʻaina a hōʻiliʻili ka mea kūʻai aku i ka ʻokoʻa.

Pelekania Pelekania: e like me ka roulette Farani, akā me ka ʻole o ka lula oen hale paʻahao (no kēia kumu ma ka puka o ka ʻole o nā pili ma nā manawa maʻalahi e ʻoki koke ʻia).

ʻOkoʻa ka moena pāʻani no nā kumu ʻelua: i ka papa ʻaina Palani aia ʻekolu mau croupier e pāʻani i ka pāʻani ʻoiai ma ka ʻōlelo Pelekania a me ʻAmelika kekahi; aia nā hoʻolaha (nā hoalauna o ka ʻole, ka lā 5/8 a me nā keiki makua ʻole) a ma ka kapeta hōʻike ʻia ka paukūʻoloka me nā ʻāpana ʻekolu o nā hoʻolaha.

ʻAmelika ʻAlika: ʻokoʻa ia mai nā mea ʻelua i hala no ke kū ʻana o kahi pahu kanakolukūmāwalu: ʻo ka pālua ʻālua (00), ʻōmaʻomaʻo hoʻi a kau ʻia i kahi kūlana diametrically kūʻē i ka hoʻokahi zero.

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ʻOkoʻa ʻokoʻa ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana i nā helu mai ka huila Farani a, no laila, ʻaʻohe hoʻolaha.

E like me ka ʻōlelo Pelekania roulette, ʻaʻohe lula oen hale paʻahao, akā ʻaʻole like me nā papa ʻelua ʻē aʻe, eia ma ka helu zero nā manawa maʻalahi (ʻulaʻula / ʻeleʻele, ʻoiai / ʻano ʻē, manque / passe) e nalo.


Roulette: la pili ma ke kapeta

ʻO nā hui like e hiki ai ke piliwai, ʻokoʻa, a ʻo kēlā me kēia mea i puana ʻia (36 / n) -1, a ʻo ia ka nui o nā helu i hoʻohui ʻia i ka hui i koho ʻia.

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Paʻa (helu hoʻokahi) me 35 mau manawa e lanakila ai ka pili;

Lio (lio a pālua paha o nā helu) me kahi e lanakila ai iā 17 mau manawa i ka nui o ka pili;

ʻO Pleine Transversal (pākolu) me ʻoe e lanakila ai i 11 mau manawa i ka pili;

Carré (quatrain) me kahi e lanakila ai iā 8 mau manawa i ke pili;

Transversal maʻalahi (sestina) me ʻoe e lanakila ai i 5 mau manawa i ka pili;

ʻO Douzaine (ʻumikūmālua, ʻekahi, ʻelua a ʻekolu paha) me ʻoe e lanakila ai i 2 mau manawa o ke pili;

kolamu (kolamu, ka mua, ka ʻelua a ʻo ke kolu paha) a lanakila ʻoe i 2 mau manawa o ka nui pili.

Aia he 3 mau ʻano pili like ʻē aʻe, i kāhea ʻia Nā manawa kūpono Simples, kahi e lanakila ai, e hoʻihoʻi i ke kuleana i hoʻokahi manawa a:

Pair ou Hoʻopilikia, a i ʻole Even a Odd paha, a i ʻole a i ʻole nā ​​helu ʻē aʻe;

Manque ou Passe, ʻo ia nā helu mai ka 1 a i ka 18 a i ʻole nā ​​mea mai 19 a 36;

Rouge ou Noir, ʻo ia hoʻi, nā helu ʻulaʻula a ʻeleʻele paha.

Aia kekahi ʻano o nā ʻāpana i kēia manawa i kāwili ʻia ma ka honua. ʻO nā mea maʻamau ʻo: i hoalauna o ka ʻole,ʻia 5/8 moʻo ʻo ia keiki makua ʻole.

ʻO nā hoalauna o ka zero ("Les voisins du zéro") kahi mahele o 17 mau helu i kau ʻia ma ka paukū i ka ʻākau a me ka hema o ka ʻole ma waena o 22 a me 25, a hiki ke hoʻokani ʻia me 9 mau ʻāpana.

ʻO nā helu i nīnau ʻia 0-2-3, 4-7, 12-15, 18-21, 19-22, 25-26-28-29, 32-35 me ʻelua mau puʻupuʻu ma ka 0-2-3 a ma ka ʻauamo 25-29.

ʻO ka pūkana 5/8 ("tiers du cilindre" a ʻoi aku paha o nā "tiers") he 12 mau helu e hiki ke pāʻani ʻia me 6 mau ʻāpana ma nā lio 6, nā helu he 5-8, 10-11, 13-16, 23-24 , 27-30, 33-36, a aia lākou, ma ka paukūʻolokaʻa, i ke ala ku pono i ka hoʻohālikelike i nā "hoalauna o ka ʻole".

ʻO nā keiki makua ʻole (a i ʻole nā ​​"orphelins"), no laila ʻaʻole i ʻāpana o kekahi o nā moʻo ʻelua ma luna, ʻo ia nā helu i koe he 8, ʻo ia hoʻi 1, 6-9, 14-17, 17-20, 31-34 ( l '1 piha, nā mea' ē aʻe ma luna o ka lio), hiki iā 'oukou ke pāʻani me 5 mau kiwikā a aia, ma ka' aoʻao hema a ma ka 'aoʻao' ākau o ka paukū e 'ike' ia me ka "0" ma luna.

"ʻO Zero Spiel”He mahele liʻiliʻi kēia o nā helu 7 ma ka ʻākau a me ka hema o ka ʻole i uhi ʻia me nā ʻāpana 4.

Ma ke ʻano he mana hōʻemi o nā "hoalauna o ka zero". ʻO nā helu i ʻāpana o ia he 0-3, 12-15, 26 (i ka piha), 32-35.

Ma Scotland he mea maʻamau ke pāʻani i ka "paepae pae", ʻAʻohe mea ʻē aʻe o nā pae maʻamau (5-8-10-11-13-16-23-24-27-30-33-36) me ka hoʻohui o ka piha o nā helu ʻehā mua (ie 5-8 -10-11) no ka huina nui o 10 mau ʻāpana.

ʻO kekahi mahele kaulana a ākea (ʻoi aku ma waena o nā mea hoʻokani Italia) ka mea i kapa ʻia ʻo "kahu".

E like me nā keiki makua ʻole, hana ʻia e ka pā ʻana i nā ʻelima he 5, kahi e uhi ai i nā helu kokoke he 8 o nā zero: ʻo ka 26 a me ka 19 piha a me nā lio 0-3, 12-15, 32-35.

Hoʻohālikelike ʻia ia ka bet i hoʻemi ʻia ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia i ka ʻōnaehana "hoanoho o zero" (e like me ka Zero Spiel) a hāʻawi i kahi manawa 21.6% o ka lanakila.


Ka ʻauhau

ʻO nā pāʻani āpau me nā makana kālā ma lalo o kahi ʻauhau (premium), a ʻoi aku ka uhi ʻana i nā koina hoʻokele, pono e hōʻoia i ka panakō i kahi loaʻa kālā.

E hāʻawi maikaʻi i kahi manaʻo o ka manaʻo nui o ka ʻauhau a pehea e loli ai kēia i ka nui e like me ke ʻano o ka pāʻani, hōʻike wau ma lalo i ke kiʻikuhi e pili ana i ka uku uku o ka pāʻani Italia Lotto.

moʻolelo-o-roulette_5

Hāʻawi ʻia ka manaʻolana makemakika o kahi pāʻani e ka hōʻuluʻulu o nā hihia o ka pāʻani, hoʻonui ʻia kēlā me kēia me ka likelika e kū ka hanana.

Mai ka papaʻaina maopopo leʻa ʻo ka hopena hoʻoweliweli liʻiliʻi loa no ka mea pāʻani e pāʻani no ka sortie o ka unuhi a i ʻole ʻelua. I ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana, ʻo ke kiʻekiʻe o ka Pahuhopu Pahuhopu, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ʻole o ka pāʻani!

ʻ saidlelo ʻia he "kaulike" kahi pāʻani ke ʻole ka manaʻolana makemakika ma kahi o (a i ʻole inā ʻo R% = 100).

Inā ʻoi aku ia ma mua o ka ʻole, wehewehe ʻia ka pāʻani ma ke ʻano he "pōmaikaʻi", inā ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi ma mua o ka ʻole ua kapa ʻia ia he "maikaʻi ʻole".

ʻIke maopopo ia ʻo ka Lotto Italia kekahi o nā pāʻani maikaʻi loa i ka holo (akā ʻaʻole nui loa), akā ʻaʻole ia he mea kupanaha, he pāʻani i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e kahi panakō (ka Mokuʻāina), ʻoiaʻiʻo, pono e loaʻa mau nā kālā .

Eia nō naʻe, he aʻo ia e hoʻohālikelike, no nā pā like ʻole, uku maoli ʻia ka lanakila (uku) e ka mea kūʻai aku (PP) a me nā mea e loaʻa i ka mea pāʻani i ka pāʻani maikaʻi (PE).

ʻO nā pāʻani i alakaʻi ʻia e ka mea kūʻai aku ʻaʻole hiki ke kaulike i ka mea pāʻani. Eia nō naʻe, ke ʻike nei i ka pākēneka maoli o ka pono o ka hale, e hiki i ka mea pāʻani ke hoʻomaopopo a ma mua o nā mea āpau e hōʻalo i nā pāʻani kūpono ʻole a i ʻole ke ʻano o kahi pāʻani pono ʻole, koho, inā hiki, ke ʻano o ka pili i kaumaha loa no kāna mauʻeke.

Hoʻohana ʻia ka uku nui i kahi ʻokoʻa ʻokoʻa mai ka pāʻani i ka pāʻani a me ka roulette, ʻoiai ke wehewehe ʻia nei ma ke ʻano he pāʻani maoli, he R% o 98,65% (kuhiakau o ka pili ʻana ma ka ʻulaʻula / ʻeleʻele ma ka roulette French, kahi o zero, hoʻihoʻi ʻia ka hapalua o ke kau i ka mea pāʻani), ʻo ia hoʻi, ma mua o nā pāʻani ʻē aʻe i manaʻo ʻia, pehea e ʻōlelo ai ... ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ʻole.

Nui a hewahewa nā pāʻani i loaʻa ka uku haʻahaʻa ma mua o kā kā mākou ʻāpana "aloha".

Ma waena o nā mea i ʻike nui ʻia aʻu e ʻōlelo ai, me ka hoʻohui i ka roulette, a me ka ʻĀlapa, ka pīpī a me ka Baccarat, ʻoiai ʻo Texas Holdʻem (a me nā mea ʻokoʻa) pono e noʻonoʻo ʻokoʻa, ʻaʻole like me nā pāʻani ʻē aʻe, ke akamai o ka mea pāʻani, maopopo leʻa i ka holo lōʻihi (i ka lōʻihi e like me ka ʻōlelo a ka Yankees), hiki iā ia ke hoʻokaʻawale.

Ma ka ʻaoʻao aʻe, hāpai wau i ka papa ʻaina e hōʻuluʻulu i ka awelika R% (o nā pili pono kūpono) no kekahi o nā pāʻani kaulana loa, me kā mākou mau kāleka ʻōpala.

moʻolelo-o-roulette_6

Hoʻomaopopo maikaʻi ka mea kūʻai aku i ka pāʻani ʻana o kahi mea pāʻani i polokalamu mākaʻikaʻi ma ka helu roulette hoʻokahi, e lanakila ʻo ia ma ka awelika i hoʻokahi manawa o 37 (nui nā helu ma ka mana Farani) a no kēia kumu, inā lanakila, ʻaʻole ia e uku iā ia i ka makana kūpono (37) polokalamu mākaʻikaʻi), akā e hoʻihoʻi wale iā 36 i ka mea pāʻani (me kāna mea ponoʻī).

ʻO kēia ke kumu, i ka holo lōʻihi, e lilo ka mea pāʻani i nīnau ʻia i hoʻokahi polokalamu mākaʻikaʻi i kēlā me kēia 37 pāʻani, ʻo ia hoʻi, e loaʻa iā Roi maikaʻi ʻole (hoʻihoʻi i ka hoʻopukapuka) o -2,70%.


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